Stavlinebygg course at North House Folk School 2017

Artikkelen på Norsk.

Translated by: Jane Laurence.

In the spring of 2017, I had the opportunity to teach a ten day Stavlinebygg course at North House Folk School ( in Grand Marais, Minnesota.


Here is a video from the project, produced by Layne Kennedy.


The course ran over two sessions. The first session (4 days) was spent using broad axes to hew a large pile of entire Red Pine and Balsam Fir logs into square timbers. These would be used as the timber stock for the building. The course participants were a very dedicated gang that was turned loose on the timbers with a variety of ‘bile’ (a Norwegian builders’ broad axe) and other specialized axes (mostly from the Hordaland/Bergen) region of Norway. One participant had gone to the extent of obtaining their own ‘bile’ from a local blacksmith, done in a traditional Norwegian style. Most of the stock was fashioned using typical Horda broadaxes but the ridgepole and purlins were treated to a surface using the ‘glepphugger axe» ( a very specialized blunt and rounded axe that is used with a glancing stroke, creating a scalloped, faceted surface). We tested various techniques for smooth hewing with the different broadaxes. Students found their preferred postures, pairing them with broadaxes which had handels that varied between straight, curved and off-set. We also experimented with various heights of the logs, which were held by log dogs to the bucks which supported them. Students using higher bucks stood more upright and along side their log. On the logs positioned lower, students straddled their log. Several opted for protective legwear.

Hewing timber With Steinar Mølster

The participants worked on their timbers from 9-5, taking quick lunch breaks and often needing to be reminded to quit at the end of the day. There were many aching muscles and most slept very soundly. About half the participants camped out in the local campground which borders the campus.


A purlin whose surface has been fashioned using the glepphugge axe.


Scott Carlson is a very experienced American timber framer. He is shown hewing a timber using the offset broad axe. He stands to the side and his posture is mostly upright.



Joe Donohue and Steven Matthew worked together to hew stock.

IMG_9772Steven Matthews swings a broad axe (bile). In the background we see Shawn Jensen glepphugging a purlin.


IMG_9773A very practical solution for carrying timbers


Most of the logs had been turned into timbers in the course of the first four-day block. We were very lucky and received a visit from six members of the Norwegian Skottbenk Union who used our free day to demonstrate splitting and hewing planks from full logs, blacksmithing, and the construction of hand planes to the community at large which was invited to the campus that day. In the evening everyone relaxed at a pizza party, followed by a lecture on traditional building methods of Norway by the author and beautiful fiddle music by two of the Skottbenk Union, Siv Holmin and Roald Renmælmo.



About the Norsk Skottbenk Union trip to USA


Roald Renmælmo from the Norsk Skottbenkunion demonstrates using a foot saw (a long frame saw on a locking joint.


Link to article on proper foot saw technique.


The second session was the beginning of cutting joinery. Soon the entire sill will be notched and joined. It should be noted that we continued to used only hand tools, adding to our axes with saws and chisels.


The Stavlinebyyg has its own unique building sequence. In constructing the building, the joinery was all done indoors in order to work in the safest and most effective fashion. First one joins the sill all around, and then joins all the horizontal members which includes the ‘stavline’ (post plate), the top plate and the ‘pillows’ which will be used to seat the three sets of robust, principle rafters. At this point, the roof construction is commenced and it also takes place more or less completely indoors. In this way, the builder avoids having to position themselves at great heights to measure, mark and cut joinery but can do it on a level surface and out of the elements.


Most of the measurements throughout the structure were done using three small wooden templates that were cut to provide all the critical distances involved in the joinery. Also used was a method for transferring parallel lines and cutting members to the proper thickness right at the joint. In our case, the rafter timbers were of a wide variety of diameters so the practical solution was to work off of a center line and remove material near the joints. Here we’ve used dovetails/angled joints on the corners and scarf joints along the sill.

IMG_9913Scarf joint along the sill.


The stavline (post line) which this building style takes its name from, is the horizontal members that run along the tops of the posts. This length is often joined with a locking scarph joint (French lock) because this joint must be able to withstand both compression and tension from the angled uprights which serve as braces within the walls. Additionally, the joint must withstand powerful side forces (from wind) and downward pressure from the weight of the roof.

IMG_9819Jane Laurence lays out a French locking scarph joint.

IMG_9830Half of the French locking scarph join is ready.

IMG_9832The stavline is laid in place upon the sill stock.

IMG_9908The completed French locking scarph joint in place in the building. By using the center line as reference for the layout measurements, the joint is tight fitting and square, despite the different dimensions of the rough timbers.

IMG_9838The tie beams are fastened to the stavline with cogged lapped joinery. In this photo, we’re starting work on the rafters. Derek Rausch (with back to camera) positions the timber.

IMG_9857The next and final stage before we begin the roof are the ‘pillows’ a type of platform onto which the primary rafters will be seated. These also serve to lock the primary rafters in place.

IMG_9842Scott Carlson took responsibility for figuring out the length of the angled brace members within the walls. He drew up a very clear plan on the workshop floor in full scale. (Trond – not sure if I have this concept right)

IMG_9847Scott’s drawing

The stavs and bracing were produced using a pattern with tenons on top and bottom. The top tenons in the bracing were shorter than in the stavs/posts so that they can be set in place after the building has been raised. We see that there are two different lengths for the braces. The longer ones are for the ends and the shorter ones are for the long walls.

IMG_9881Scott Carlson discusses the length of the bracing with Peter Henriksen, lead timber frame instructor at North House Folk School.

IMG_9895Joe Donohue (facing away) works on braces.

IMG_9889Camryn Boyle lays out posts.

IMG_9900Here are Camryn Boyle and Matthew Labrenz in the production of upright posts.


image1Mattew Labrenz is a carpenter from Fairbanks, Alaska.




This is the method for roof construction on a stavlinebygg which I learned from Halvard Haugen.


IMG_9851The foot of the primary rafter and the very important joint which determines the the placement of the primary rafter being laid out and marked.



The measurements for the primary and secondary rafters and the placement and thickness of the openings for the ridge and purlins were figured out in full scale.


The six points where the primary rafters would be seated in the ‘pillows’ needed to be at the same height. We chose to work off the assumption that the floor may not be perfectly level. Staying true to our resolve to use hand tools and old methods, we chose a technique which uses a flat stick floating in a container of water, positioned at a point within the building. We confirmed that the small board was floating level. It’s important to use a piece of even thickness and weight. By turning the floating wood to site the six different places where the primary rafters would sit, we marked them to be of uniform height. The measurements were verified with a modern laser level, with a margin of error of 1-2 mm. Whether the error was the fault of the laser level or the floating stick, we could not be sure.

IMG_9886A close up of the all important point where the base/foot of the primary rafter will be secured and supported by the building.


IMG_9853Dale Torma cuts the base and mortise for the primary rafter.

IMG_9854I think this technique is called ‘water boarding’ in English, but maybe it not used much in the USA.


IMG_9863Dale Torma in action with a chisel.



Shawn Jensen (in the foreground) and Al Wilson marking measurements on the rafters.

IMG_9859Marking for the tenon and base of the primary rafter



IMG_9858Peter Henrikson (left) and Nick Jorgenson cut a primary rafter with a two person crosscut saw. Joe makes sure it doesn’t split off.



IMG_9885Kenny w. Cheever has made a jig for the secondary rafter cuts in the plate.


IMG_9898The top of the one primary rafter is ready to join with its complimentary other side with a joint that has half the stock cut away. The primary rafters will meet in the same plane.

IMG_9893We test-raise a rafter.




There was not time to raise the entire roof assembly indoors, we put our faith in our measurements and craftsmanship (and were not disappointed).


IMG_9878Mike Loeffler and Derek Rausch took responsibility for the measuring and cutting of the ridge and purlins. Here Mike uses a grindariv to transfer the angled surface of the ridgepole to the cutting line.


IMG_9903As luck would have it, on the 17th of May, 2017, we were ready to raise the building and celebrate Norway’s Independence Day at the same time.

IMG_9905The building stands ready to be delivered to its permanent location (which is yet to be determined). We did not manage to install more than one nailing band (horizontal member that allows a continuous flush surface from sill to plate) but it is yet un known what kind of siding the building will receive.


IMG_9918The nailing band fashioned by Scott Carlson at the last minute.



The brace mortises on the sill are purposely moved from their theoretical location so the braces are initially supporting the roof, with the posts non-bearing. Over time the roof will settle onto the posts and the bracing will remain tight and effective.

Stramming av strevar i Nordmørsk Stavline:

Note that the bracing is inset within the walls and has a dimension 2″ narrower than the rest of the members, such that the nailing band can be fastened directly to the outer surface of the bracing without the need for cutting.





The ridge and purlins after glepphugging, showing a variety of styles and quality reflecting the efforts of several students.


IMG_9916There is a large port opening in one end of the building.


Stavlinekurs i Minnesota 2017.

Same article in English.




Våren 2017 fikk jeg i oppdrag å ha kurs i stavlinebygging for North House Folk School i Minnesota.

Her er en video fra prosjektet.



Kurset gikk over to ganger 4 dager, vi begynte med å økse til tømmeret til bygget fra rundstokk. Det var en svært dedikert gjeng med kursdeltagere som gikk løs på tømmeret med øks og bile. Det meste av tømmeret ble slettøkset med vanlig hordabile, men åsene ble glepphugget slik at vi også fikk øve på dette. Vi testet ut ulike teknikker for sletthuging med bile, høye bukker der vi arbeidet med skeivskjefta bile og teknikken med vanlig rettskjefta bile der vi arbeider på lave bukker og står over skrevs på stokken.

Glepphugget ås til bygget.



Scoott Carlson som er en meget erfaren timberframer sletthugger en stokk med skeivskjefta bile.



Joe Donohue og Steven Matthews areider sammen med å ry stokker, her klamphugger Joe.
Steven Matthews svinger bila. i bakgrunnen ser vi Shawn Jensen som glepphugger en ås.
En meget praktisk doning til å håndtere tømmer med.

Det meste av tømmeret ble ferdigøkset i løpet av første kursbolken, vi var heldig og fikk besøk fra Norsk skottbenkunion som deltok på en åpen dag på skolen med diverse demonstrasjoner. De var også med og deltok litt første dagen av selve stavlinebyggingen.

About the Norsk Skottbenk Union trip to USA

Roald Renmælmo fra Norsk Skottbenkunion demonstrerer saging for fot på en låseskjøt.

Saging for fot.

Det første omfaret, selve syllstokkene til bygget er snart på plass.

Stavlinebyggene har en egen rekkefølge i byggingen. rekkefølgen er innarbeidet for å kunne arbeide på en sikker og effektiv måte. først tømrer man sammen syllstokken, deretter tømres alt det liggende tømmeret oppå før man begynner med takkonstruksjonen som også gjøres mer eller mindre ferdig på bakken. på denne måte slipper man å stå i høyden å hugge til eller merke opp tømmer. Det hele blir stort sett merket opp ved hjelp av maler eller parallell forskyving. I dette tilfellet var stokkene til dels ganske ujevnt bearbeidet slik at det var mest praktisk å arbeide etter senterlinjer. Her har vi brukt hakenov i hjørnene og skrå hakeskjøt i langsyllene.

Skrå hakeskjøt på en av syllstokkene.

Stavlina, som dette byggesystemet har navnet sitt fra, er stokken som ligger oppå stavene. Denne skjøtes ofte med låseskjøt (fransk lås), for her trengs det en skjøt som kan ta opp trykk og strekk fra skrå avstivingen i tillegg til krefter på tvers (fra vind) og nedbøying fra taklast.

Jane Laurence merker opp en låseskjøt.
En halvdel av skjøten er ferdig.
Stavlina blir lagt på plass oppå syllstokken.
Den ferdige skjøten i bygget. Med bruk av senterlinjer til oppmerking passer skjøten fint selv om stokkene har litt ulik dimensjon.
Betene er tømra nedpå stavlina med vanlig kamming. her arbeider vi med raftstokken. Derek Rausch (med ryggen til) posisjonerer stokken.
Neste og siste steg før vi begynner på takkonstruksjonen er «putene» en slags klamper som storsperra (trånbukken) skal stå på. denne er også med og låser raftstokken.


Scott Carlson tok ansvar for å beregne lengden på skråspenna (skråavstivingen) Han slo opp en veldig tydelig tegning på gulvet i verkstedet i full målestokk.
Scott sin tegning.

Stavene og skråspenna ble produsert etter mål med tapp oppe og nede, tappen i skråspenna er kortere en i stavene slik at disse kan settes inn etter bygget har kommet opp. vi ser det er to forskjellige lengder på skråspenn, de lange er for gavlene og de korte for langveggene.

Scott og Peter Henrikson som er lærer i timber framing på North House, diskuterer lengden på skråspenna.


Joe Donohue (med ryggen til) arbeider med skråspenna.
Camryn Boyle merker opp staver.
Her er stavproduksjonen til Camryn Boyle og Mattew Labrenz.


Mattew Labrenz er en tømrer fra Fairbanks i Alaska.
Dette er metoden for å måle ut for takkonstruksjonen på stavlinebygg slik jeg har lært det av Halvard Haugen.
Sperrefoten og ikke minst det viktige punktet for plassering av storsperra i «puta» blir merket opp.
Mal for storsperr og vanlig sperr, og i tillegg plassering og tykkelse på mønås og leåser blir beregnet.

Punktet hvor storsperra treffer «puta» er avgjørende å få plassert i samme høyde, det må vatres av. Til dette valgte vi å bruke en gammel teknikk med ei fjøl som flyter i vann. vi siktet etter fjøla, satt av ett punkt på veggen og snudde fjøla for å sjekke at den fløt vannrett. det gjorde den, det er viktig å buke ei fjøl som har jamn tykkelse og vekst. med denne teknikken kom vi innenfor ett avvik på 1 til 2 mm. kontrollert med laser, om det var laseren eller siktingen som utgjorde avviket er usikkert.

Det viktige punktet nederst i fellingen (forsatsen) for storsperra.
Dale Torma hugger forsats og tapphull for sperra.
Jeg mener denne teknikken heter water- boarding på engelsk, men den er vell neppe mye i bruk i USA.
Dale i aksjon med tappjernet.


Shawn jensen (i forgrunnen) og Al Wilson merker på sperra.


Merke for sperrefoten på storsperra.
Peter Henrikson (til høyre) og Nick Jorgenson kapper storsperr med stokksag. Joe sørger for at det ikke flekker.


Kenny w. Cheever har laget en mal for sperrehakka i raftstokken.
Toppen på storsperret er ferdig, det felles på halv-ved.
Vi prøvereiste ett sperr.







Det ble ikke tid til å reise hele takkonstruksjonen på bakken, vi la vår skjebne i malene og målene.

Mike Loeffler og Derek Rausch tok annsvar for oppmerking og tilhugging av åsene. her merker Mike fellingen på mønåsen med grindariv.
På selveste 17-mai 2017 var det tid for å reise bygget.


Bygget er klart for å overleveres, vi rakk ikke mer en ett nagleband (spikerslag) men det er fremdeles usikkert hvilken type kledning bygget skal få.




Naglebandet som Scott ordnet i siste liten.
Skråspenna står i «spenn» de er forspent slik at staven henger litt, dette gjør bygget ekstra stivt.

Stramming av strevar i Nordmørsk Stavline


Legg merke til at skråspenna er trekt inn og har 2″ mindre dimensjon en resten av tømmeret, slik at naglebandet kan festes direkte på utsiden av disse uten felling.

Åsene med merke etter glepphugging med varierende kvalitet.




Det er åpning for en port i ene gavlen.